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Sicherheit: Inkorrekte Initialisierungen in login
Aktuelle Meldungen Distributionen
Name: Inkorrekte Initialisierungen in login
ID: SuSE-SA:2001:034
Distribution: SUSE
Plattformen: Keine Angabe
Datum: Mi, 24. Oktober 2001, 13:00
Referenzen: Keine Angabe
Applikationen: Shadow

Originalnachricht

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----

______________________________________________________________________________

SuSE Security Announcement

Package: shadow/login
Announcement-ID: SuSE-SA:2001:034
Date: Tuesday, Oct 23rd 2001 18:00 MEST
Affected SuSE versions: 6.3, 6.4, 7.0, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3
Vulnerability Type: local privilege escalation
Severity (1-10): 2
SuSE default package: yes
Other affected systems: most linux systems, common problem on
linux-like systems.

Content of this advisory:
1) security vulnerability resolved: shadow/login
problem description, discussion, solution and upgrade information
2) pending vulnerabilities, solutions, workarounds
3) standard appendix (further information)

______________________________________________________________________________

1) problem description, brief discussion, solution, upgrade information

Multiple Linux vendors have issued security announcements about failures
of the /bin/login program to properly initialize the privileges of an
authenticated user if the PAM module pam_limits is enabled.
The bug has been categorized as a sequence bug, and is located in the
code of the login program itself: A call to getpwnam(3) returns a pointer
to a struct passwd, and the data is being used. Then, a call to PAM
routines cause getpwnam(3) to be called again, but beyond the
programmer's
control or knowledge. The pointer as returned by the first getpwnam(3)
remains the same, but the data may be different. By consequence, the
data is in an undefined state. The error appears with the pam_limits
PAM module only because other PAM modules do not call getpwnam(3).

SuSE developers did not succeed in reproducing the error on SuSE Linux
installations since SuSE distributions do not come with the standard
login implementation from the util-linux collection. Instead, a version
maintained by Thorsten Kukuk <kukuk@suse.de> is used. This login
implementation may cause wrong group IDs to be set in very rare cases.
The harm of this bug is therefore considerably small on SuSE Linux.

However, we provide fixed rpm packages that remedy the problem. Since
the bug is not limited to the login program but to all programs that
authenticate users, more security announcements in this field are to
be expected. The Linux vendors cooperate to share the workload that
results from the audit of these programs.

To install the updates, please download the update package for your
distribution and use the command 'rpm -Uhv file.rpm' to apply the
update.
Please run "SuSEconfig" after performing the package update to make
sure
that the permissions of your files are configured as the security
settings of your installation define. Alternatively, if you have disabled
SuSEconfig, check for the permissions of the files /usr/bin/chage,
/usr/bin/chfn, /usr/bin/chsh, /usr/bin/expiry, /usr/bin/gpasswd and
/usr/bin/passwd to suit your needs. Setting these executeables to 4755
owned by root enables their functionality, removing the setuid bit
(chmod -s) disables it.


i386 Intel Platform:

SuSE-7.3
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.3/a1/shadow-20000902-144.i386.rpm
9380496a4a248aeac73d7136de381348
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.3/zq1/shadow-20000902-144.src.rpm
b595cea811bb92aa895974aee2fd5968

SuSE-7.2
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.2/a1/shadow-20000902-145.i386.rpm
18e33d4b728b49403c2679c560b52f06
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.2/zq1/shadow-20000902-145.src.rpm
0d9fb9cec79cdd4671306658a103fc6b

SuSE-7.1
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.1/a1/shadow-20000902-145.i386.rpm
a5b2177d66048f988249e0acbc9648bf
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.1/zq1/shadow-20000902-145.src.rpm
4525572bf268b73004774a25d7f5de2a

SuSE-7.0
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.0/a1/shadow-19990827-170.i386.rpm
2be3765b08ce9d94abbd4932dbe3f39b
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/7.0/zq1/shadow-19990827-170.src.rpm
97935450371dde96cb92134ab8596b85

SuSE-6.4
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/6.4/a1/shadow-19990827-145.i386.rpm
c6d07aa8662e00d501f9fbb9d57f71bb
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/6.4/zq1/shadow-19990827-145.src.rpm
79d9e99e67fcd23d64508eafe5070b36

SuSE-6.3
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/6.3/a1/shadow-19990827-145.i386.rpm
82c4466697251685c5f1fa733c0ad4e2
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/6.3/zq1/shadow-19990827-145.src.rpm
bac32336670e134146af62886e3d477e



Sparc Platform:

SuSE-7.1
shadow-20000902-92.sparc.rpm
3e63326bd5dd2dd3e9d8175b6db918e0
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.1/zq1/shadow-20000902-92.src.rpm
c95b2761cc4d9b417394a550d43716ca

SuSE-7.0
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.0/a1/shadow-19990827-2.sparc.rpm
5ce1d42bb0e5a6677666390b9980de5d
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/sparc/update/7.0/zq1/shadow-19990827-2.src.rpm
622dc8e8c6d6bf90f09d79b144a20533



AXP Alpha Platform:

SuSE-7.1
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/7.1/a1/shadow-20000902-88.alpha.rpm
ed882226bcb5241e105fb0f6466bf476
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/7.1/zq1/shadow-20000902-88.src.rpm
b70743683ca521d66be357b90baff035

SuSE-7.0
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/7.0/a1/shadow-19990827-74.alpha.rpm
778ebfcaacc9087e6c781f6a10a68a75
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/7.0/zq1/shadow-19990827-74.src.rpm
68d957bf5d0cc942e12501056d05f0bd

SuSE-6.4
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/6.4/a1/shadow-19990827-74.alpha.rpm
e7646c335fa009506535412daf344480
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/6.4/zq1/shadow-19990827-74.src.rpm
3d748914265b37b15b42687e5ff87945

SuSE-6.3
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/6.3/a1/shadow-19990827-74.alpha.rpm
c1cb80bb6d7a15a445550c739ced029b
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/axp/update/6.3/zq1/shadow-19990827-74.src.rpm
0b05d59fffc9ff8bd1cb922df7a84fac



PPC Power PC Platform:

SuSE-7.1
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.1/a1/shadow-20000902-61.ppc.rpm
a1dbc8bb966db28469fabe583d157bed
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.1/zq1/shadow-20000902-61.src.rpm
2b2f0fbcb842149cb095fff125f54279

SuSE-7.0
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.0/a1/shadow-19990827-182.ppc.rpm
d55986fc84158f06dcbfea0c7812037f
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/7.0/zq1/shadow-19990827-182.src.rpm
dc84f0301b4a4daeae1fb6465f0d16c1

SuSE-6.4
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/6.4/a1/shadow-19990827-182.ppc.rpm
3d7e644c70e6d98944ff623b24bbfde0
source rpm:
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/ppc/update/6.4/zq1/shadow-19990827-182.src.rpm
646985dc82d9845832db6863fba9442d

______________________________________________________________________________

2) Pending vulnerabilities in SuSE Distributions and Workarounds:

- Linux kernel
Security bugs have been found in both the 2.2 and 2.4 kernel series
of all currently supported SuSE Linux distributions (6.3-7.3), including
the freshly appeared SuSE-7.3. These bugs allow a local attacker to gain
root privileges, but there is no remote attack as of now.
As a temporary workaround, it is possible for experienced users of
linux-like systems to disable all setuid bits from all files in the
installed system using a find command with a -exec option.

We are currently in the process of testing the update kernels of both
2.2 (2.2.19) and 2.4 (2.4.13) series to make sure that these update
kernels will have the same level of stability and robustness as expected
from SuSE linux systems. The official kernel rpm packages will be
announced in a SuSE Security announcement during the second half of
this week. In the meanwhile, the directory
ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/people/mantel/next/ contains the preliminary
update packages for testing (2.2.19 packages will be available shortly).
Please proceed with the update as described in
http://www.suse.de/de/support/security/2001_018_kernel_txt.txt
and report any problems that you may find to feedback@suse.de.

- openssh
After stabilizing the openssh package, updates for the distributions
6.4-7.2 are currently being prepared. The update packages fix a security
problem related to the recently discovered problems with source ip
based access restrictions in a user's ~/.ssh/authorized_keys2 file.
The packages will appear shortly on our ftp servers. Please note that
packages for the distributions 6.3 and up including 7.0 containing
cryptographic software are located on the German ftp server ftp.suse.de,
all other packages can be found on ftp.suse.com at the usual location.

- htdig (ht://Dig)
htdig, a powerful indexing and information gathering tool for a webserver,
has been found vulnerable to a weakness where commandline options can
be passed on to the cgi program as a result of weak runtime environment
checking. The security announcement by Thomas Biege is waiting for the
update packages to reach the ftp-server (currently transferring).


Please continue to watch the suse-security-announce mailing list for
new security announcements.

______________________________________________________________________________

3) standard appendix: authenticity verification, additional information

- Package authenticity verification:

SuSE update packages are available on many mirror ftp servers all over
the world. While this service is being considered valuable and important
to the free and open source software community, many users wish to be
sure about the origin of the package and its content before installing
the package. There are two verification methods that can be used
independently from each other to prove the authenticity of a downloaded
file or rpm package:
1) md5sums as provided in the (cryptographically signed) announcement.
2) using the internal gpg signatures of the rpm package.

1) execute the command
md5sum <name-of-the-file.rpm>
after you downloaded the file from a SuSE ftp server or its mirrors.
Then, compare the resulting md5sum with the one that is listed in the
announcement. Since the announcement containing the checksums is
cryptographically signed (usually using the key security@suse.de),
the checksums show proof of the authenticity of the package.
We disrecommend to subscribe to security lists which cause the
email message containing the announcement to be modified so that
the signature does not match after transport through the mailing
list software.
Downsides: You must be able to verify the authenticity of the
announcement in the first place. If RPM packages are being rebuilt
and a new version of a package is published on the ftp server, all
md5 sums for the files are useless.

2) rpm package signatures provide an easy way to verify the authenticity
of an rpm package. Use the command
rpm -v --checksig <file.rpm>
to verify the signature of the package, where <file.rpm> is the
filename of the rpm package that you have downloaded. Of course,
package authenticity verification can only target an uninstalled rpm
package file.
Prerequisites:
a) gpg is installed
b) The package is signed using a certain key. The public part of this
key must be installed by the gpg program in the directory
~/.gnupg/ under the user's home directory who performs the
signature verification (usually root). You can import the key
that is used by SuSE in rpm packages for SuSE Linux by saving
this announcement to a file ("announcement.txt") and
running the command (do "su -" to be root):
gpg --batch; gpg < announcement.txt | gpg --import
SuSE Linux distributions version 7.1 and thereafter install the
key "build@suse.de" upon installation or upgrade, provided
that
the package gpg is installed. The file containing the public key
is placed at the toplevel directory of the first CD (pubring.gpg)
and at ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/pubring.gpg-build.suse.de .


- SuSE runs two security mailing lists to which any interested party may
subscribe:

suse-security@suse.com
- general/linux/SuSE security discussion.
All SuSE security announcements are sent to this list.
To subscribe, send an email to
<suse-security-subscribe@suse.com>.

suse-security-announce@suse.com
- SuSE's announce-only mailing list.
Only SuSE's security annoucements are sent to this list.
To subscribe, send an email to
<suse-security-announce-subscribe@suse.com>.

For general information or the frequently asked questions (faq)
send mail to:
<suse-security-info@suse.com> or
<suse-security-faq@suse.com> respectively.

===================================================
SuSE's security contact is <security@suse.com>.
The <security@suse.com> public key is listed below.
===================================================
______________________________________________________________________________

The information in this advisory may be distributed or reproduced,
provided that the advisory is not modified in any way. In particular,
it is desired that the cleartext signature shows proof of the
authenticity of the text.
SuSE GmbH makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever with respect
to the information contained in this security advisory.

Type Bits/KeyID Date User ID
pub 2048R/3D25D3D9 1999-03-06 SuSE Security Team <security@suse.de>
pub 1024D/9C800ACA 2000-10-19 SuSE Package Signing Key <build@suse.de>

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