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Sicherheit: Preisgabe von Informationen in python-cffi
Aktuelle Meldungen Distributionen
Name: Preisgabe von Informationen in python-cffi
ID: SUSE-SU-2020:0790-1
Distribution: SUSE
Plattformen: SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP 12-SP1, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12-SP1-LTSS, SUSE OpenStack Cloud 6-LTSS
Datum: Mi, 25. März 2020, 19:18
Referenzen: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-10903
Applikationen: python-cffi

Originalnachricht

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SUSE Security Update: Security update for python-cffi, python-cryptography,
python-xattr
______________________________________________________________________________

Announcement ID: SUSE-SU-2020:0790-1
Rating: moderate
References: #1055478 #1070737 #1101820 #1111657 #1138748
#1149792 #981848
Cross-References: CVE-2018-10903
Affected Products:
SUSE OpenStack Cloud 6-LTSS
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP 12-SP1
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12-SP1-LTSS
______________________________________________________________________________

An update that solves one vulnerability and has 6 fixes is
now available.

Description:

This update for python-cffi, python-cryptography and python-xattr fixes
the following issues:

Security issue fixed:

- CVE-2018-10903: Fixed GCM tag forgery via truncated tag in
finalize_with_tag API (bsc#1101820).

Non-security issues fixed:

python-cffi was updated to 1.11.2 (bsc#1138748, jsc#ECO-1256, jsc#PM-1598):

- fixed a build failure on i586 (bsc#1111657)
- Salt was unable to highstate in snapshot 20171129 (bsc#1070737)

- Update pytest in spec to add c directory tests in addition to testing
directory.

Update to 1.11.1:

* Fix tests, remove deprecated C API usage
* Fix (hack) for 3.6.0/3.6.1/3.6.2 giving incompatible binary extensions
(cpython issue #29943)
* Fix for 3.7.0a1+

Update to 1.11.0:

* Support the modern standard types char16_t and char32_t. These work like
wchar_t: they represent one unicode character, or when used as charN_t *
or charN_t[] they represent a unicode string. The difference with
wchar_t is that they have a known, fixed size. They should work at all
places that used to work with wchar_t (please report an issue if I
missed something). Note that with set_source(), you need to make sure
that these types are actually defined by the C source you provide (if
used in cdef()).
* Support the C99 types float _Complex and double _Complex. Note that
libffi doesn't support them, which means that in the ABI mode you
still
cannot call C functions that take complex numbers directly as arguments
or return type.
* Fixed a rare race condition when creating multiple FFI instances from
multiple threads. (Note that you aren't meant to create many FFI
instances: in inline mode, you should write ffi = cffi.FFI() at module
level just after import cffi; and in
out-of-line mode you don't instantiate FFI explicitly at all.)
* Windows: using callbacks can be messy because the CFFI internal error
messages show up to stderr-but stderr goes nowhere in many applications.
This makes it particularly hard to get started with the embedding mode.
(Once you get started, you can at least use @ffi.def_extern(onerror=...)
and send the error logs where it makes sense for your application, or
record them in log files, and so on.) So what is new in CFFI is that
now, on Windows CFFI will try to open a non-modal MessageBox (in
addition to sending raw messages to stderr). The MessageBox is only
visible if the process stays alive: typically, console applications that
crash close immediately, but that is also the situation where stderr
should be visible anyway.
* Progress on support for callbacks in NetBSD.
* Functions returning booleans would in some case still return 0
or 1 instead of False or True. Fixed.
* ffi.gc() now takes an optional third parameter, which gives an estimate
of the size (in bytes) of the object. So far, this is
only used by PyPy, to make the next GC occur more quickly (issue #320).
In the future, this might have an effect on CPython too (provided the
CPython issue 31105 is addressed).
* Add a note to the documentation: the ABI mode gives function
objects that are slower to call than the API mode does. For some reason
it is often thought to be faster. It is not!

Update to 1.10.1:

* Fixed the line numbers reported in case of cdef() errors. Also, I just
noticed, but pycparser always supported the preprocessor directive # 42
"foo.h" to mean "from the next line, we're in file foo.h
starting from
line 42";, which it puts in the error messages.

Update to 1.10.0:

Issue #295: use calloc() directly instead of PyObject_Malloc()+memset()
to handle ffi.new() with a default allocator. Speeds up
ffi.new(large-array) where most of the time you never touch most of the
array.
* Some OS/X build fixes ("only with Xcode but without CLT";).
* Improve a couple of error messages: when getting mismatched versions of
cffi and its backend; and when calling functions which cannot be called
with libffi because an argument is a struct that is "too
complicated";
(and not a struct pointer, which always works).
* Add support for some unusual compilers (non-msvc, non-gcc, non-icc,
non-clang)
* Implemented the remaining cases for ffi.from_buffer. Now all
buffer/memoryview objects can be passed. The one remaining check is
against passing unicode strings in Python 2. (They support the buffer
interface, but that gives the raw bytes behind the UTF16/UCS4 storage,
which is most of the times not what you expect. In Python 3 this has
been fixed and the unicode strings don't support the memoryview
interface any more.)
* The C type _Bool or bool now converts to a Python boolean when reading,
instead of the content of the byte as an integer. The potential
incompatibility here is what occurs if the byte contains a value
different from 0 and 1. Previously, it would just return it; with this
change, CFFI raises an exception in this case. But this case means
"undefined behavior"; in C; if you really have to interface with a
library relying on this, don't use bool in the CFFI side. Also, it is
still valid to use a byte string as initializer for a bool[], but now it
must only contain \x00 or \x01. As an aside, ffi.string() no longer
works on bool[] (but it never made much sense, as this function stops at
the first zero).
* ffi.buffer is now the name of cffi's buffer type, and ffi.buffer()
works
like before but is the constructor of that type.
* ffi.addressof(lib, "name") now works also in in-line mode, not
only in
out-of-line mode. This is useful for taking the address of global
variables.
* Issue #255: cdata objects of a primitive type (integers, floats, char)
are now compared and ordered by value. For example, <cdata
'int' 42>
compares equal to 42 and <cdata 'char' b'A'>
compares equal to b'A'.
Unlike C, <cdata 'int' -1> does not compare equal to
ffi.cast("unsigned
int", -1): it compares smaller, because -1 < 4294967295.
* PyPy: ffi.new() and ffi.new_allocator()() did not record "memory
pressure";, causing the GC to run too infrequently if you call
ffi.new()
very often and/or with large arrays. Fixed in PyPy 5.7.
* Support in ffi.cdef() for numeric expressions with + or -. Assumes that
there is no overflow; it should be fixed first before we add more
general support for arbitrary arithmetic on constants.

Update to 1.9.1:

- Structs with variable-sized arrays as their last field: now we track the
length of the array after ffi.new() is called, just like we always
tracked the length of ffi.new("int[]", 42). This lets us detect
out-of-range accesses to array items. This also lets us display a better
repr(), and have the total size returned by ffi.sizeof() and
ffi.buffer(). Previously both functions would return a result based on
the size of the declared structure type, with an assumed empty array.
(Thanks andrew for starting this refactoring.)
- Add support in cdef()/set_source() for unspecified-length arrays in
typedefs: typedef int foo_t[...];. It was already supported for global
variables or structure fields.
- I turned in v1.8 a warning from cffi/model.py into an error: 'enum
xxx'
has no values explicitly defined: refusing to guess which integer type
it is meant to be (unsigned/signed, int/long). Now I'm turning it back
to a warning again; it seems that guessing that the enum has size int is
a 99%-safe bet. (But not 100%, so it stays as a warning.)
- Fix leaks in the code handling FILE * arguments. In CPython 3 there is a
remaining issue that is hard to fix: if you pass a Python file object to
a FILE * argument, then os.dup() is used and the new file descriptor is
only closed when the GC reclaims the Python file object-and not at the
earlier time when you call close(), which only closes the original file
descriptor. If this is an issue, you should avoid this automatic
convertion of Python file objects: instead, explicitly manipulate file
descriptors and call fdopen() from C (...via cffi).
- When passing a void * argument to a function with a different pointer
type,
or vice-versa, the cast occurs automatically, like in C. The same occurs
for initialization with ffi.new() and a few other places. However, I
thought that char * had the same property-but I was mistaken. In C you
get the usual warning if you try to give a char * to a char **
argument, for example. Sorry about the confusion. This has been fixed
in CFFI by giving for now a warning, too. It will turn into an error in
a future version.
- Issue #283: fixed ffi.new() on structures/unions with nested anonymous
structures/unions, when there is at least one union in the mix. When
initialized with a list or a dict, it should now behave more closely
like the { } syntax does in GCC.
- CPython 3.x: experimental: the generated C extension modules now use the
"limited API";, which means that, as a compiled .so/.dll, it
should work
directly on any version of CPython >= 3.2. The name produced by
distutils is still version-specific. To get the version-independent
name, you can rename it manually to NAME.abi3.so, or use the very recent
setuptools 26.
- Added ffi.compile(debug=...), similar to python setup.py build --debug
but defaulting to True if we are running a debugging version of Python
itself.
- Removed the restriction that ffi.from_buffer() cannot be used on byte
strings. Now you can get a char * out of a byte string, which is valid
as long as the string object is kept alive. (But don't use it to
modify
the string object! If you need this, use bytearray or other official
techniques.)
- PyPy 5.4 can now pass a byte string directly to a char * argument (in
older versions, a copy would be made). This used to be a CPython-only
optimization.
- ffi.gc(p, None) removes the destructor on an object previously created
by another call to ffi.gc()
- bool(ffi.cast("primitive type", x)) now returns False if the value
is
zero (including -0.0), and True otherwise. Previously this would only
return False for cdata objects of a pointer type when the pointer is
NULL.
- bytearrays: ffi.from_buffer(bytearray-object) is now supported. (The
reason it was not supported was that it was hard to do in PyPy, but it
works since PyPy 5.3.) To call a C function with a char * argument from
a buffer
object-now including bytearrays—you write lib.foo(ffi.from_buffer(x)).
Additionally, this is now supported: p[0:length] = bytearray-object.
The problem with this was that a iterating over bytearrays gives
numbers instead of characters. (Now it is implemented with just a
memcpy, of course, not actually iterating over the characters.)
- C++: compiling the generated C code with C++ was supposed to work, but
failed if you make use the bool type (because that is rendered as the C
_Bool type, which doesn't exist in C++).
- help(lib) and help(lib.myfunc) now give useful information, as well as
dir(p) where p is a struct or pointer-to-struct.

- Fixed the "negative left shift" warning by replacing bitshifting
in
appropriate places by bitwise and comparison to self; patch taken from
upstream git. Drop cffi-1.5.2-wnoerror.patch: no longer required.

- disable "negative left shift" warning in test suite to prevent
failures
with gcc6, until upstream fixes the undefined code in question
(bsc#981848)

Update to version 1.6.0:

* ffi.list_types()
* ffi.unpack()
* extern "Python+C";
* in API mode, lib.foo.__doc__ contains the C signature now.
* Yet another attempt at robustness of ffi.def_extern() against
CPython's
interpreter shutdown logic.

Update to 1.5.2:

* support for cffi-based embedding
* more robustness for shutdown logic


Updated python-cryptography to 2.1.4 (bsc#1138748, jsc#ECO-1256,
jsc#PM-1598)

- Make this version of the package compatible with OpenSSL 1.1.1d
(bsc#1149792)

- CVE-2018-10903: Fixed GCM tag forgery via truncated tag in
finalize_with_tag API (bsc#1101820)

Update to version 2.1.4:

* Added X509_up_ref for an upcoming pyOpenSSL release.
* Corrected a bug with the manylinux1 wheels where OpenSSL's stack was
marked executable.
* support for OpenSSL 1.0.0 has been removed.
* Added support for Diffie-Hellman key exchange
* The OS random engine for OpenSSL has been rewritten

python-xattr was just rebuilt to adjust its cffi depedency.


Patch Instructions:

To install this SUSE Security Update use the SUSE recommended installation
methods
like YaST online_update or "zypper patch".

Alternatively you can run the command listed for your product:

- SUSE OpenStack Cloud 6-LTSS:

zypper in -t patch SUSE-OpenStack-Cloud-6-LTSS-2020-790=1

- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP 12-SP1:

zypper in -t patch SUSE-SLE-SAP-12-SP1-2020-790=1

- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12-SP1-LTSS:

zypper in -t patch SUSE-SLE-SERVER-12-SP1-2020-790=1



Package List:

- SUSE OpenStack Cloud 6-LTSS (x86_64):

python-cryptography-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-cryptography-debuginfo-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-cryptography-debugsource-2.1.4-3.15.5

- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP 12-SP1 (x86_64):

python-cffi-1.11.2-2.19.2
python-cffi-debuginfo-1.11.2-2.19.2
python-cffi-debugsource-1.11.2-2.19.2
python-cryptography-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-cryptography-debuginfo-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-cryptography-debugsource-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-xattr-0.7.5-3.2.1
python-xattr-debuginfo-0.7.5-3.2.1
python-xattr-debugsource-0.7.5-3.2.1
python3-cffi-1.11.2-2.19.2
python3-cryptography-2.1.4-3.15.5

- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12-SP1-LTSS (ppc64le s390x x86_64):

python-cffi-1.11.2-2.19.2
python-cffi-debuginfo-1.11.2-2.19.2
python-cffi-debugsource-1.11.2-2.19.2
python-cryptography-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-cryptography-debuginfo-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-cryptography-debugsource-2.1.4-3.15.5
python-xattr-0.7.5-3.2.1
python-xattr-debuginfo-0.7.5-3.2.1
python-xattr-debugsource-0.7.5-3.2.1
python3-cffi-1.11.2-2.19.2
python3-cryptography-2.1.4-3.15.5


References:

https://www.suse.com/security/cve/CVE-2018-10903.html
https://bugzilla.suse.com/1055478
https://bugzilla.suse.com/1070737
https://bugzilla.suse.com/1101820
https://bugzilla.suse.com/1111657
https://bugzilla.suse.com/1138748
https://bugzilla.suse.com/1149792
https://bugzilla.suse.com/981848


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